Global Cities, Present and Future
Today more than ever, global cities need to run just to stand still. Urban leaders who wish to provide their citizens with the benefits of becoming a global powerhouse must fire on all cylinders, all the time.
Globally integrated cities are intimately linked to economic and human development. By creating an environment that spawns, attracts, and retains top talent, businesses, ideas, and capital, a global city can generate benefits that extend far beyond municipal boundaries.
At A.T. Kearney, our Global Cities Index (GCI) examines a comprehensive list of 84 cities on every continent, measuring how globally engaged they are across 26 metrics in five dimensions: business activity, human capital, information exchange, cultural experience, and political engagement (see Appendix: Global Cities Index Methodology). Since we began the GCI in 2008, we've continually refreshed our metrics to reflect emerging trends, analyzed how cities evolve along each of them, and developed insights about how a city can become more global.
Moreover, our companion Emerging Cities Outlook (ECO) builds on those insights and complements the GCI. Just as the GCI tracks major cities' actual performance, the ECO measures their potential to become even more global in the future. Specifically, the ECO examines the likelihood that 35 cities in low- and middle-income countries will improve their future global positioning, based on how quickly they've been catching up with the top performers on a number of leading human capital, business activity, and innovation indicators.
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